Terms and abbreviations

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This is a list of commonly used terms and abbreviations in the world of photography.


  • D-SLR – ‘Digital Single Lens Reflex Camera’ which is a camera which use a mechanical mirroring system.
  • ND-filter – These are equipment you place in-front of the lens to reduce the amount of light entering it. On sunny days or when we want to take photographs with longer shutter time.
  • Ultra-wide angle lens – A lens with a greater view then 90°. These lenses are often used for nature and grand view shots.
  • Zoom-lens – The zoom-lens is a lens where the focal length can be changed. If the focal span is very large they can also be called Super Zoom-lenses. An example of a super zoom-lens is Nikons 18-210mm lens.


  • Aperture – The iris through which light passes on it’s way towards the sensor of the camera. Read more in the Introduction to aperture.
  • Bokeh – The Bokeh-effect is how blurred you can get the background in contrast to the main object. Read more in my article about the Bokeh-effect.

Effects and Techniques

  • Bracketing – To photograph small things one can take multiple photos of the same object but with different focus and then merge all into one. This can create a photo with wider focus then is possible with a single shot. This is often used in macro photography.
  • HDR – High Dynamic range is a technique with which a photo is taken with a large range of color intensities. It can be used to have a photo contain areas in stong light and in dark shadows and still maintain details in both.

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